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Articles Tagged with Delaware

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This column examines these amendments, the history behind Delaware’s prominence in the realm of corporate law, and discusses some key differences between LLCs and corporations.

In the October 14, 2021 editions of The Legal Intelligencer and the Delaware Business Court Insider Edward T. Kang, managing member of Kang Haggerty wrote “Significant Recent Changes to the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act.

Delaware Senate Bill 114, recently enacted and effective as of Aug. 1, includes substantial additions and amendments to the Delaware Limited Liability Company Act (the LLC Act). In addition to several amendments meant to supersede recent case law, these amendments also contained further guidance regarding the operations of a Delaware public benefit LLC. This column examines these amendments, the history behind Delaware’s prominence in the realm of corporate law, and discusses some key differences between LLCs and corporations. Continue reading ›

Hands typing on laptop. Profiles of individuals are coming out of computer to give the illusion of networking/virtually meeting. Coffee cup is on left-hand side and notebook is on right-hand side.In Delaware, Governor John C. Carney issued a Declaration of State of Emergency in connection with the ongoing coronavirus pandemic.  This month, the Declaration was modified (the Tenth Modification) to address the numerous shareholder meetings to be noticed for Delaware companies. The Tenth Modification, acknowledging that physical gatherings are explicitly discouraged, advise that shareholder meetings be held remotely for the “safety, health and wellbeing of participants”.

Corporations are permitted to adjourn their physical meetings or move to a remote format, provided that certain steps are taken if the date and/or “location” (yes, virtual) are being changed.  Pursuant to § 232 of Title 8 of the Delaware Code, notice of stockholder meetings is usually given through mail, courier service, or email – but the Securities and Exchange Commission is currently allowing companies to provide certain notices via required public filings and press releases. Consequently, to effectuate the change of an annual meeting to a remote format, Delaware corporations should file this notice with the SEC and issue a press release on their websites immediately afterwards.

Although Delaware law already does generally provide that corporations are allowed to hold stockholder meetings remotely, these provisions (e.g. the board of directors has the discretion to decide upon a remote meeting) must be in the corporation’s organizational documents. Consequently, the Tenth Amendment contains crucial provisions for those corporations whose organizational documents may not have been as explicit on these issues. The other provisions of 8 Del. C. § 211, such as the “reasonable measures” to verify the presence and participation of stockholders/proxyholders, as well as record-keeping, have not been changed by the Tenth Amendment.

United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Robert FREEDMAN, Appellant v. Sumner M. REDSTONE; Philippe P. Dauman; Thomas E. Dooley; George S. Abrams; Alan C. Greenberg; Shari Redstone; Frederic V. Salerno; Blythe J. McGarvie; Charles E. Phillips, Jr.; William Schwartz; Robert K. Kraft; Viacom, Inc. No. 13–3372. Decided: May 30, 2014 

The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit affirmed the Delaware District Court’s July 16, 2013 decision by further solidifying the most basic requirements for filing a derivative and direct claim. The plaintiff, Robert Freedman, as a stockholder, failed to make a pre-suit demand to Viacom’s Board of Directors in his derivative claim. Also, the plaintiff failed to state a cause of action in his direct claim against the defendant. As such, the District Court dismissed the case, which the Third Circuit affirmed.

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